Check hard disk Integrity to rule out disk faults
Boot the computer up in single user terminal. On chime press Command + S and run file system checker and repair
Reboot as follows:
/sbin/mount -uw / reboot
Open Disk Utility and choose your main hard drive from the sidebar (in most Macs there will only be one.) Now click on First Aid and Repair Permissions. This will ensure that all the files on your Mac have the correct permissions, which will help keep things ticking along.
From El Capitan onwards Disk Utility does not have this options. Instead you have to use command line version:
sudo /usr/libexec/repair_packages --verify --standard-pkgs / sudo /usr/libexec/repair_packages --repair --standard-pkgs --volume /
Remove unwanted Startup items
Open System Preferences and click Users & Groups. Now click on the Login Items tab to view which programs and services are launched when you first power up (or log in) to your Mac. Highlight an item in the list that you don’t want and click on the Delete from Login Items (‘-’) button at the bottom of hte list.
Clean out the web browser cache
Your browser can be optimized by cleaning out the cache your system saves every time you go to a website.
If you’re using Safari as your web browser, follow these instructions:
- Open Safari, click Preferences
- Click Advanced, then check Show Develop menu in menu bar
- Click Develop menu and Empty Caches
- Uncheck Show Develop menu in menu bar
Reveal CPU Hogging applications with Activity Monitor
If you want to see what apps are using up your system open the Activity Monitor in the Utilities folder. Activity Monitor shows all the processes on your Mac (some of which you can’t, or shouldn’t, close) so click on View and Windowed Processes. Now click on the CPU button and the “%CPU” column to list all programs by the amount of CPU they are using. You can also use this to see what Memory, Disk and Network different processes are using.
Delete big, unused files (also an option in Clean My Mac)
Now that you’ve paid some attention to your applications, it’s time to look at the files cluttering your drive. You can use Finder to search for huge files. To do so, open Finder and select the volume you’d like to search. Next, choose File > Find (or hit Command-F). Click on the Kind pull-down menu and select Other. When the Select a search attribute window opens, check the box for File Size, uncheck any other boxes, and click OK. Change the “equals” pull-down menu option to “is greater than” and then change KB to MB. Enter a minimum files file size such as, say, 100MB. Right-click column row and end ensure Size is ticked. Click on Size column to sort results in descending order. Delete the largest files that you no longer need or move them to an external backup drive.
Remove Application Data files
Can be anything from saved states, preferences, caches, temporary files, etc):
~/Library/Application Support/(App Name)
Preferences are stored at:
Caches are stored in:
Remove Custom Preferences
Open System Preferences and check in the row at the bottom. This is where custom items are added to your System Preferences and if you’re not using them then they are taking up your CPU. Right-click on an item and choose Remove From Preference Pane.
Purge system and redundant files
Install CCleaner (paid for app)
Run as Admin as follows:
$ sudo /Applications/CCleaner.app/Contents/MacOS/CCleaner
Install Clean My Mac 3 (paid for app)
Select Smart Clean. Optionally go through the individual options
Performance Boost Hardware Options
- Replace HD with SSD
- Increase RAM to 8GB+
Enable Read/Write of NTFS Disks
diskutil info “/Volumes/MyPassport” → display Node Name = disk?s?w hdutil eject “/Volumes/MyPassport” sudo mount_ntfs -o rw /dev/disk?s?w “/Volumes/MyPassport”
MyPassport = example volume name, \040 represents a space
Edit fstab and add label – LABEL=My\040Passport none ntfs rw,auto,nobrowse
sudo nano /etc/fstab
Eject then find hidden mounted NTFS volume in Finder > GO open /Volumes
MAC Terminal Command Reference
Repair WiFi – alternative solution
Turn Off Wi-Fi from the Wireless menu item
- From the OS X Finder, hit Command+Shift+G and enter the following path:
- Within this folder locate and select the following files:
- Move all of these files into a folder on your Desktop called ‘wifi backups’ or something similar – we’re backing these up just in case you break something.
- Reboot the Mac
- Turn ON WI-Fi from the wireless network menu again
If not fixed try these steps
- Open network preferences from your WiFi icon in the menu bar. Then click advanced. Delete the network that is giving you problems.
- Open Keychain (Utilities). Find the passwords that are stored for your particular network and delete them.
- Repair permissions using the Disk Utility.
- Reboot the computer.; re-enter your WiFi key log into the network.
Cancel your subscription via the integrated technical support chat before uninstalling – saves having to phone up afterwards. To uninstall quit MacKeeper and drag the app in the Applications folder to the Trash can.
More details here from Macworld.com