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Malware and Adult content Blocking DNS Servers

Router centralised malware and adult content blocking

Choose Cloudflare 1.1.1.2/1.0.0.2 and 1.1.1.3/1.0.0.3 DNS servers to entrust them to block malware and adult content sites.

Choose Cloudflare 1.1.1.1 and 1.0.0.1 primary and secondary DNS servers for Open unrestricted access.

Alternative public Open DNS servers:

  • Google: 8.8.8.8/8.8.4.4
  • OpenDNS: 208.67.222.222/208.67.220.220
  • Quad9: 9.9.9.9/149.112.112.112
  • Comodo: 8.26.56.26/8.20.247.20

For public DNS Servers by country see https://public-dns.info/

Notes:
Cloudflare promises that it won’t use your browsing data to serve ads and commits to never writing the your querying IP address to disk.

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Can’t run Virtualbox VM

Windows 10

Virtualbox v6.1

When trying to run newly created VM the following Virtualbox error is generated:

WHvCapabilityCodeHypervisorPresent is FALSE! Make sure you have enabled the 'Windows Hypervisor Platform' feature. (VERR_NEM_NOT_AVAILABLE).
VT-x is not available (VERR_VMX_NO_VMX).
Result Code:
E_FAIL (0x80004005)
Component:
ConsoleWrap
Interface:
IConsole {872da645-4a9b-1727-bee2-5585105b9eed}

To fix ensure the following Window Features are disabled and VT-x is enabled in the BIOS:

  • Hyper-V
  • Virtual Machine Platform
  • Windows Hypervisor platform
  • Containers

Finally run the following Command Prompt command:

bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype off

Restart the computer

Note: When VT-x is first enabled the PC should be powered off and on again

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Install Windows 11 without Internet

When you reach the “Let’s Connect You To A Network” page, press Shift+F10 to bring up the Command window and enter following command:

taskkill /F /IM oobenetworkconnectionflow.exe

Return to the Windows 11 setup and enter local account information

Updraftplus plugin can’t read .directory file warnings

Unfortunately its not possible to exclude special Dolphin .directory files using Updraftplus settings. It ignores the setting exclusion and continues to report “…can’t read .directory” file warnings in the log file during backup.

To work around this add the following PHP code to your Functions file

//
// Updraftplus Backup filter
// Prevent attempts to backup .directory files and generate annoying warnings 
add_filter('updraftplus_exclude_file', 'my_updraftplus_exclude_file', 10, 2);
function my_updraftplus_exclude_file($filter, $file) {
return (basename($file) == '.directory') ? true : $filter;
}

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Fix Lost Dolphin File Copy Progress Notification

System: Kubuntu 18.04

Problem: No longer able to see file copy progress, e.g. Dolphin so you can’t monitor the progress and have no idea when it will complete

Solution edit the Plasma configuration file as follows:

Run Terminal and stop Plasma

kquitaap5 plasma

Edit

nano /home/[user]/.config/plasma-org.kde.plasma.desktop-appletsrc

Add the following

[AppletGlobals][plasma_applet_systemtray]
ShowJobs=false
ShowNotifications=false

Start Plasma again

kstart plasmashell

Credit: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=70502

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BIOS Boot Keys

Boot Keys

Manufacturer Boot key
Acer F2
Apple Hold Option (next to the key)
Asus Del
Dell F12
Gateway F1
HP F9
Intel F2
Lenovo F12
Toshiba F2 or F12
Other Try pressing Esc,

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Enter Safe Mode using Windows 10 Install USB and Command Prompt

  1. Boot USB and set  language
  2. Select Repair your computer
  3. Select Troubleshoot > Command Prompt
  4. Use Bcdedit to set Safe Mode on boot as follows
  5. bcdedit /set {default} safeboot minimal
  6. Close Command prompt
  7. Select Turn off PC
  8. Power up PC to enter Safe Mode

To stop PC entering Safe Mode on every boot run System Configuration tool (msconfig) and under Boot options untick Safe boot, click OK and close

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Firefox Home Search Page moves Focus to Address Bar

To stop Firefox moving Home Search Page text focus to the Address Bar enter about:config in the Address Bar to bring up the advanced configuration page.

Type awesomebar in the search filter box to bring up the following variable

browser.newtabpage.activity-stream.improvesearch.handoffToAwesomebar

Toggle the boolean value from True (default) to False

ref: https://www.askvg.com/fix-restore-real-working-search-box-on-new-tab-page-in-firefox-89-and-later/

Firefox not using default File Manager

Problem: When using Firefox or Chrome and File Open or File “Save As” the desktop (KDE) default file manager (Dolphin) is not used
Operating System: Kubuntu 18.04
Browsers: Firefox 94.0, Chrome 96.0.4664.45

Solution:

  1. In Firefox go to about:config and set “widget.use-xdg-desktop-portal” to true. This provides support for the XDG Desktop interface. This is disabled in Firefox by default
  2. Install xdg-desktop-portal-kde Qt backend and xdg-desktop-portal frontend portal as follows
sudo apt install xdg-desktop-portal-kde
sudo apt install xdg-desktop-portal

Notes:

  • xdg-desktop-portal-kde provides back end implementation for xdg-desktop-portal using Qt
  • xdg-desktop-portal is the front end xdg-desktop-portal for desktop frameworks,

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Windows 11 Registry Hack for Unsupported CPU and TPM

This patch will allow the Windows 11 to install and run on machines without the required CPU,e.g. Intel 7th generation and lower and with TPM chips less than version 2.0

Type the following address into the address bar in the Registry Editor window (or navigate to it in the left pane):

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Setup\MoSetup

Right-click in the right pane, select New > DWORD (32-bit) Value, and enter the following text as the name:

AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU

Double-click the “AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU” value here,

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