Category Archives: Windows

Microsoft Windows Operating Systems

Windows 10 Quick Assist

Run Windows 10 ‘Quick Assist’ to assist someone with their PC from afar.

Note: ‘Quick Assist’ is only available from version 20H2 onwards and assistant needs a Microsoft account.

  1. Right-click the Start button
  2. Click Search
  3. Type Quick Assist and hit Enter on your keyboard
  4. Ask remote user to do the same
  5. On your PC, click Assist another person
  6. Select your Microsoft account and login
  7. Give the six-digit code (see screenshot above) to the remote user to enter into the ‘Code from assistant’ box
  8. Remote user then clicks Share screen
  9. Assistant then chooses either Take full control of their PC or View only their desktop
  10. Remote user then clicks  Allow

Once connected, you can use the toolbar at the top to open a chat window, annotate the screen and pause or end the session

 

Windows 10 Edge New Tab Redirect

Google “Edge New Tab Redirect” to find Microsoft page to install extension

Edge New Tab Redirect Overview
Allows a user to provide the URL of the page that loads in a new tab.

Allows you to change the new tab page to the New Tab Redirect app page, or a custom URL of your choice!

Choose from chrome’s about pages, *NewTab, Extensions, Downloads, History*, a few popular URLs, or provide your own. Your custom tab can also be a local file, allowing you to create your own new tab page. Saving blank text will cause your new tab to be about:blank.

Files can begin with: file:\\, file://, and file:///

Important: This is not meant to replace your homepage, only new tabs. If your browser is set to load the New Tab page as your homepage, there may be odd consequences.

Blacklist or Whitelist WiFi Network Names

Windows terminal commands to Blacklist WiFi names (SSID’s) from view or Whitelist your own name (SSID) and block all others from view

Blacklist method

Block WiFi name:

netsh wlan add filter permission=block ssid="name" networktype=infrastructure

Unblock WiFi name:

netsh wlan delete filter permission=block ssid="name" networktype=infrastructure

Show all the Filters:

netsh wlan show filters

Whitelist method

Allow your own WiFi:

netsh wlan add filter permission=allow ssid="name" networktype=infrastructure

Deny all other WiFi:

netsh wlan add filter permission=denyall networktype=infrastructure

Delete deny all other WiFi filter:

netsh wlan delete filter permission=denyall networktype=infrastructure

Chrome Remote Desktop Client Set Up

  1. On client PC open Chrome (or New Edge) and log into client Google account
  2. Browse to Chrome Remote Desktop Set-up page URL below:
    https://remotedesktop.google.com
  3. In section titled Set up remote access and click download icon
  4. In Chrome Web Store click Add to Chrome to add extension
  5. In Add “Chrome Remote Desktop” dialog click Add extension
  6. Close “Chrome Remote Desktop has been added” dialog box – optionally click Turn on sync
  7. In Ready to install dialog box click Accept & Install
  8. In Open download dialog box to allow extension to open click Yes
  9. In Account Control click Yes to make change
  10. In Choose a name box Enter a name for your computer or accept displayed default and click Next
  11. In Choose a PIN enter new PIN and click Start
  12. In Account Control click Yes to make change and start host
  13. In This Device box click bin icon to disable remote connection
  14. This completes the installation

Allow Remote Connection

  1. On client PC open Chrome (or New Edge) and log into client Google account
  2. Browse to Chrome Remote Desktop Support page URL below:
    https://remotedesktop.google.com/support
  3. In Share this screen box click Generate Code to generate a one-time access code
  4. Give this access code code to the Chrome Remote Desktop user
  5. In the Chrome Remote Desktop dialog that pops-up click Share to allow Chrome Remote Desktop user access to your screen and PC

 

Change Google’s Glaring White Home Page Background

In Chrome and New Edge install Custom Style Script add-on to override Google’s home page background colour

In Custom Style Script select Open options Page and add the following URL and CSS

URL: https://www.google.com/ or country of choice, e.g. google.co.uk, google.de
CSS: body { background-color: lightgray !important; } or colour of choice

In Firefox Install the Stylus extension

Go to the Google home page, click the toolbar icon and choose Manage > Write a new style. Enter Google as  name for the Style, then enter the same CSS in the Code box

Add following CSS to Code section

body { background-color: lightgray !important; }

Add  URL of the Google home page in the “Applies to” section at the bottom. e.g. google.com

https://www.google.com/

Click Save (top left) to save changes

Windows 10 Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcut Action
Ctrl + A Select all content.
Ctrl + C (or Ctrl + Insert) Copy selected items to clipboard.
Ctrl + X Cut selected items to clipboard.
Ctrl + V (or Shift + Insert) Paste content from clipboard.
Ctrl + Z Undo an action, including undelete files (limited).
Ctrl + Y Redo an action.
Ctrl + Shift + N Create new folder on desktop or File Explorer.
Alt + F4 Close active window. (If no active window present, then shutdown box appears.)
Ctrl + D (Del) Delete selected item to the Recycle Bin.
Shift + Delete Delete selected item permanently skipping Recycle Bin.
F2 Rename selected item.
ESC Close current task.
Alt + Tab Switch between open apps.
PrtScn Take screenshot and stores it in clipboard.
Windows key + I Open Settings app.
Windows key + E Open File Explorer.
Windows key + A Open Action center.
Windows key + D Display and hide the desktop.
Windows key + L Lock device.
Windows key + V Open Clipboard bin.
Windows key + Period (.) or semicolon (;) Open emoji panel.
Windows key + PrtScn Capture full screenshot in the “Screenshots” folder.
Windows key + Shift + S Capture part of the screen with Snip & Sketch.
Windows key + Left arrow key Snap app or window left.
Windows key + Right arrow key Snap app or window right.

Fix Windows 10 Update Failures, e.g. Error 0x800f081f

Try running DISM and SFC commands to repair Windows system files. Once complete reboot and try running the update again.

DISM /Online /Cleanup-image /RestoreHealth

SFC /Scannow

DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) manages both Windows Online and Offline Images and repairs system files

  • /Online switch instructs DISM to target the running Operating System instead of an offline Windows image (.wim) file or virtual hard disk (.vhd or .vhdx)
  • /Cleanup-Image switch performs cleanup and recovery operations on the running Operating System
  • /Restorehealth switch scans the running Operating System for corrupt files and attempts to fix them

SFC (System File Checker)

  • /Scannow will scan all protected system files, and replace corrupted files with a cached copy that is located in a compressed folder at %WinDir%\System32\dllcache

The above procedure also fixes Windows Defrag not running properly due to corrupt system files.

Change Windows 10 Users Folder Name

  1. Run ‘command prompt’ as administrator” and enter following
  2. net user Administrator /active:yes
  3. Sign out
  4. Log in with “Administrator” account. If newly activated wait up until Windows sets up the account
  5. From Start Menu right-click on Start Menu icon and select ‘Computer Management’
  6. If “Local users and groups” not listed run steps below to install Local User and Group Management (lusrmgr.exe) Console for Windows 10 Home
  7. Click on “Local users and groups”
  8. Click ‘Users’. Right-click on the Windows user name you want to rename and rename to the new name
  9. Close ‘Computer Management’ or lusrmgr program
  10. Open File explorer and go to ‘users’ folder. Right-click on the user folder and choose ‘rename’ and rename it to the new name
  11. Run ‘regedit’
  12. Select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\ Microsoft\ Windows NT\ CurrentVersion\ ProfileList
  13. Find the new named profile and double click on ‘ProfileImagePath’ and rename it to the new name
  14. Close ‘regedit’
  15. Signout and log in with new named account
  16. Open ‘File Explorer’
  17. Go to the ‘users’ folder to see ‘users’ folder has the new named user home folder
  18. Disable the Administrator account (note this does not delete the account)
    1. Run ‘command prompt’ as administrator” and enter following
    2. ‘net user Administrator /active:no ‘
    3. Close ‘command prompt’

Install Local User and Group Management (lusrmgr.exe) Console for Windows 10 Home

Download and install lusrmgr.exe program from Itectics and launch to get access to Windows Local User and Group management console. Continue from step 7 above.

Disclaimer: operations above run at the users own risk with no guarantees or responsibilities

Add .wps and .xlr Works associations to Office 2010 Starter Edition

Do the following (with Admin account) to associate .wps (Works document) and .xlr (Works spreadsheet) file types to Word and Excel.

  1. Create Restore point to roll-back in case you make a mistake editing the Registry
  2. Run Regedit
  3. Locate HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT \ .doc
  4. Right-click .doc key and select Export and save to Desktop file as, e.g. docassoc.reg. The contents should look like the sample below.
  5. Repeat steps 3-4 for .xls
  6. Exit regedit
  7. In file File Explorer Copy & Paste docassoc.reg renaming the target file to wpsassoc.reg
  8. Similarly create xlrassoc.reg using xlsassoc.reg as source
  9. Edit wpsassoc.reg and replace .doc with .wps and save
  10. Edit xlrassoc.reg and replace .xls with .xlr and save
  11. Double-click wpsassoc.reg and xlrassoc.reg to add the new keys to the Registry under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
  12. That’s it  – double-clicking .wps or .xlr files in File Explorer  will now open them in Word or Excel automatically. Also the file icons will change to recognisable Word and Excel files
docassoc.reg

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.doc]
@="Word.Document.8"
"Content Type"="application/msword"
"SoftGridSource"="{90140011-0066-0409-0000-0000000FF1CE}"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.doc\OpenWithProgIDs]
"Word.Document.8"=hex(0):

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.doc\PersistentHandler]
@="{98de59a0-d175-11cd-a7bd-00006b827d94}"

wpsassoc.reg

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wps]
@="Word.Document.8"
"Content Type"="application/msword"
"SoftGridSource"="{90140011-0066-0409-0000-0000000FF1CE}"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wps\OpenWithProgIDs]
"Word.Document.8"=hex(0):

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.wps\PersistentHandler]
@="{98de59a0-d175-11cd-a7bd-00006b827d94}"


xlsassoc.reg 

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xls]
@="Excel.Sheet.8"
"Content Type"="application/vnd.ms-excel"
"SoftGridSource"="{90140011-0066-0409-0000-0000000FF1CE}"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xls\OpenWithProgIDs]
"Excel.Sheet.8"=hex(0):

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xls\PersistentHandler]
@="{98de59a0-d175-11cd-a7bd-00006b827d94}"


xlrassoc.reg 

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xlr]
@="Excel.Sheet.8"
"Content Type"="application/vnd.ms-excel"
"SoftGridSource"="{90140011-0066-0409-0000-0000000FF1CE}"

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xlr\OpenWithProgIDs]
"Excel.Sheet.8"=hex(0):

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.xlr\PersistentHandler]
@="{98de59a0-d175-11cd-a7bd-00006b827d94}"

Notes:

  • In order to edit .wps or .xlr files in Office 2010 Starter Edition you have to first add the Works file converter. Later versions have this built in.

Disclaimer: The above procedure is carried out at your own risk and offer no guarantees

Enable Windows F8 Safe Mode Boot Key

Follow steps below to enable F8 safe mode boot (applies to Windows 10 and 8.1):

  1. Boot PC using Windows 10 or  8.1 ISO USB flash drive or DVD
  2. Click Next to skip the first screen
  3. Press Shift + F10 To open advanced Command prompt window

Type the following command to enable F8 Safe Mode boot key:

bcdedit /set {default} bootmenupolicy legacy

Type Exit and press Enter to quit the Command Prompt. Remove your usb flash drive or DVD and turn your computer off. When you start your PC, you can now press F8 to get the Advanced Boot Options menu